Web 3.0 seems to have a lot of promising potential along with many fears and uncertainty. I enjoyed reading and searching on this topic. I tried to understand the meaning of Web 3.0 and how it can work to the benefit of teachers and students because Alec asked us to discuss Jackie Gerstein’s metaphor. She notes that “The web influences people’s way of thinking, doing and being, and people influence the development and content of the web. The evolution of the web from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 and now to Web 3.0 can be used as a metaphor of how education should also be evolving, as a movement from Education 1.0 toward that of Education 3.0. The Web, Internet, Social Media, and the evolving, emerging technologies have created a perfect storm or convergence of resources, tools, open and free information access.”
The World Wide Web, starting from web 1.0 to web 2.0 and now towards web 3.0, has formed the shape of education, specifically e-learning. The classic web 1.0 is explained as a “Read-only” web with its static pages. It is characterized by a basic search for such information. The focus was on static content and we were just users to retrieve information. The huge advancement in technology allowed for Web 2.0 “Read and write.” Web 2.0 enabled students to collaborate and share information. We switched from being only users of technology to be contributors to knowledge. Web 2.0 allows us to share, communicate and contribute to our learning environment. ECI 833 is a great example; we use blogs, twitter and video conference to be able to communicate and collaborate to enhance our learning experience.
E-learning followed the same advancement steps of the web. For example, with web 1.0 students use Learning management systems “LMS” like Moodle as a local platform that only contains information and learning materials that are provided in a shape of pages or books. Students can access this information any time, anywhere with no interaction. With web 2.0, Learning Management System added a whole new dimension, which is collaboration and interaction. LMS has become a median to a bigger world and a place to integrate technology tools that can enhance our learning environment.
Then, Web 3.0 “Read, write, and collaborate” which believed to be the next evolution of the internet and technology tools, which will lead to a growth in E-learning as well. “The focus of Web 2.0 is on social interactivity, collaboration and information sharing, in its most literal form. Whereas before users could only view content, the emergence of new web-based tools, platforms and applications provided them with the ability to edit that content and to create and share new content of their own. This new generation of the internet thus saw an explosion of social networking and information sharing spaces, from Blogger, Wikipedia and Livejournal to Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, LinkedIn, etc. Up until the development of Web 2.0, the focus of computer systems had always been on managing data, information and explicit knowledge, but with Web 2.0 the focus shifted towards methods and tools for the development of more tacit knowledge, derived from social interaction and global participation.” E-Learning and Web Generations: Towards Web 3.0 and E-Learning 3.0
When I was reading about web 3.0, immediately the group presentation that we do every week in ECI 833 came across my mind. We do a lot of research, read articles, write blogs, watch many video clips and tweet to discuss or ask questions with others. We take all of that and process it in our mind, draw charts or use mind maps to arrange our ideas and focus on essential things. This lengthy process will get more accessible and more efficient with the use of web 3.0– often described as the Semantic web. With the integration of intelligent machines along with a massive database of all sort of information, searching and browsing the internet will become more accessible and more advanced. It will become more of writing the right query, and we will get exactly what we need along with all resources and even ideas of how to proceed.
The critical question is what the impact of web 3.0 in education? Talking about education in general, the excellent infographic below by Jackie Gerstein of SAMR as a framework of education 3.0, says it all in my opinion. It is part of this article that is worth reading.
E-learning 3.0 is expected to enable the personalization of learning. It is expected to have the main features of collaboration, artificial intelligence, social interaction, and accessibility from anywhere, anyhow by anyone. Technology will be everywhere around us but will not be visible. Things around us will be connected sending data to each other to retrieve the most common information to specific learners. It is fair to call it the era of “smart e-learning.” In addition, considering the significant advancement in both mobile learning and virtual reality, students will be able to share information globally and use 3D virtual reality to meet anytime and anywhere. These features will enable students to have significant control over their learning experience as this will be able to create their own learning environment according to their interests.
Thinking of my high school son who is a visual learner and introvert. Smart e-learning will help him decide what is the best learning method for him by using a simple query in the semantic web. The intelligent machines with such technological features and large data sources will help him focus on the specific requirements of his topic. Somehow, the intelligence in everything he will be using will work as his brain with the consideration of his own needs.
All of this self-learning, self-directed and intelligent machines made me think about teacher control of things. Will the teacher be able to control this amount of information? Will they have any say of their students learning pathway? How about learners privacy and educators privacy? Finally, the accuracy of this open, collective, and shareable information that students will have access to, how can we grantee it? Lots of potentials with lots of concerns and uncertainty of how the shape of our schools and education system will be in the era of web 3.0, education 3.0 or Smart e-learning